Millard Fillmore presided as Marketer in Chief as the United States struggled to “keep up” with European powers on the global stage. In its rush to keep up, it forced the Japanese to open for trade. The Japanese…would hold a grudge.

The United States remains an economic (rather than territorial) imperial power. China is following that example today.

Marketer in Chief: How Each President Sold the American Idea – coming July 4, 2021.

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